JAM Group Co. as a major producer, supplier and exporter of several petrochemical products in the Middle East, is located in Iran. JAM Group Co. is highly experienced in exporting and is active in order to supply all kinds of Solvents.
Iran holds the world’s fourth-largest proved crude oil reserves and the world’s second-largest natural gas reserves. Iran also ranks among the world’s top 10 oil producers and top 5 natural gas producers. The Strait of Hormuz, off the southeastern coast of Iran, is an important route for oil exports from Iran and other Persian Gulf countries. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) volumes also flow through the Strait of Hormuz.
National Petrochemical Company (NPC) was established in 1963 to spearhead the development and policy-making for Iran’s petrochemical industry. Iran’s petrochemical industry is the oldest in the Middle East and in ethylene production it is the second oldest after Turkey. During 1964-1977 Razi, Abadan, Pazargad, Ahwaz carbon black, Kharg, Farabi and Shiraz expansion projects were completed.
Iran as a prominent name in oil and gas industries, has been producing all kinds of Solvents in its enormous and well-equipped petrochemical complexes and has extraordinary ability in case of supplying this product for exporting.
What is Solvents?
Solvents and their properties
TDI (toluene-2.4-diisocyanate), MDI (diphenyl-methane diisocyanate), HDI (hexa-methylene Diisocyanate).
Isocyanates can easily be absorbed through the skin and through the mucous membranes. In contact with water, they form amines which can stay in the blood for a long time. Isocyanates are
found in polyurethane materials (coatings), glues, and varnishes.
Methanol, ethanol, isopropanol
Inhalation or contact with the skin can cause dizziness, headache, disturbed vision and fainting.
Absorption over a longer period can reduce the eyesight of the victim.
These solvents are created when heat is applied to rosin. The fumes have an irritating effect on the eyes and the respiratory organs. Inhalation can induce headache, dizziness, and fainting in severe cases.
Ethyl acetate, dioctyl phthalate
These materials are often used as solvents and dissolvents in paints, plastics, and synthetic fibers.
As with all solvents, they cause irritation of the respiratory passages and, with long term absorption, they cause damage to the kidneys and liver.
There are many other solvents on the market and in the work place including ketones, mercaptans, organic acids, and ethers, which have their own individual reactions to the human body. Most affect the respiratory system or cause eczema when coming in contact with the skin.
A very wide range of chemicals and biological agents have been described as causes of occupational asthma.
“Occupational asthma is a disease characterized by variable air flow limitation and/or airway hyper-responsiveness due to causes and conditions attributable to a particular occupational environment and not to stimuli encountered outside the workplace (Bernstein et al 1993)”.
As the nose is part of the respiratory system, it should be kept in mind that asthma often is indicated by symptoms common to ‘hay-fever’, an itchy, blocked or runny nose, often red and accompanied by sneezes. The eyes may become ‘glazed, itchy, or running’.
Workers may be unaware of the possible relationship between their symptoms and their work. Prevention and fume extraction at the work center will provide an adequate solution and prevent dangerous fumes and gases from reaching their exposure limits. It has been shown that once employees have been sensitized to a substance, they will have severe reactions to airborne concentrations lower than the allowed exposure limits.